Although Metabolic Syndrome (also known as Syndrome X or obesity syndrome) can lead to diabetes, heart attacks, strokes and high blood pressure, it is possible to treat the condition by losing weight safely and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
HOW DOES METABOLIC SYNDROME DEVELOP?
People who develop Metabolic Syndromes have difficulty maintaining normal blood sugar levels and have high levels of insulin in their blood.
When the insulin in your body loses its ability to tell blood cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream, glucose levels remain high after eating. This means your pancreas has to work harder and harder to produce insulin. Eventually this can lead to diabetes and the possible need for insulin injections to control your blood sugar levels.
HOW CAN I TELL WHETHER I HAVE METABOLIC SYNDROME?
As there are normally no symptoms with Metabolic Syndromes you need to be tested by your health practitioner. These tests include:
- A fasting blood sugar test
- A lipogram
- You will also be weighed and your waist and blood pressure will be measured
It is advisable to have a proper laboratory assessment done for the initial blood test.
METABOLIC SYNDROME OCCURS IN PEOPLE WHO:
1. Are obese: Obesity is measured by either a waist circumference greater than 102cm in men and 88cm in women, or a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 30kg/m. Body Mass Index is the international standard of weight measurement and is calculated by multiplying a person’s height in centimetres by the same number and dividing this total by the person’s weight in kg. For example, someone who is 1.7m tall and weighs 90kg will have a BMI of 31.1kg². This is calculated as follows: 1.7m x 1.7m = 289 % 90kg – BMI = 31.1kg/m².
2. Have any two of the following conditions:
- Raised blood fats (blood triglycerides)
- Low HDL (a part of blood cholesterol)
- A fasting blood glucose level higher than 5.6mmol/l, known as Impaired glucose tolerance which can lead to Diabetes
- High blood pressure – treated or untreated
However, metabolic syndrome can develop in anyone regardless of whether they have a normal body weight, are overweight or obese.
Those at greatest risk of developing metabolic syndrome include:
- People of Indian ethnic origin have a genetic tendency to develop the syndrome at much lower weights than other ethnic groups.
- Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
- Adults who gain a minimum of 2kg in weight per year increase their risk of developing the syndrome by 45%.
WHAT CAN I DO TO TREAT OR PREVENT METABOLIC SYNDROME?
Losing 5% -10% of your body weight can considerably reduce the risks of Metabolic Syndrome. SureSlim can help you to control your weight with a personalised weight loss plan that includes:
- No more than 55% – 60% of carbohydrates but lots of fish, chicken, nuts and legumes
- A reduction in sugar
- Other food types determined by your initial assessment and blood test
Regular exercise is also very important as it helps maintain healthy blood lipid and glucose levels.
SureSlim will be able to identify whether you have Metabolic Syndrome or Syndrome X. Our medical advisors will ensure that the proper tests are completed so we can design an eating plan that will make healthy eating part of your lifestyle – thereby helping you to avoid the effects of Metabolic Syndrome.